Getting regular service for your car is the best way to keep it in great shape for a long time. Here are some of the most common service terms and phrases you might hear when you go in for service.
Adjustable suspension: A suspension that allows the driver to select the damper and firmness settings according to their preferences or road conditions.
Aftermarket part (vs. OEM part): a part designed by an independent company not associated with the car maker. OEM parts are designed by the car maker specifically for your vehicle, unlike aftermarket parts.
All-wheel drive (AWD): A drivetrain that directs power to all four wheels at once. Unlike four-wheel drive systems, all-wheel drive cannot normally be turned off. This drivetrain offers more traction, especially in colder climates, but is less efficient than two-wheel drivetrains.
Brake pads: The plates that brake rotors press against to stop the car. These wear down over time and will need to be replaced if you hear a squealing sound when you brake or turn.
Carburetor: A device mounted on top of the engine’s intake manifold. It supplies fuel to the engine. Carburetors are often found on older vehicles rather than new models.
Curb weight: The weight of a vehicle with standard features and a full gas tank. This weight does not include any cargo or passengers.
CVT: Continuously Variable Transmission. A transmission with a continuously variable drive ratio that doesn’t need to pause acceleration for gear changes.
Electronic Stability Control: ESC. A safety feature that improves vehicle handling and traction by detecting skids and adjusting brake pressure accordingly. The system is designed to keep the vehicle headed in its intended direction.
Engine knocking: If you hear a knocking or rattling sound from your engine, it means the air-fuel mixture in your engine is combusting uncontrolled. This can seriously damage your engine.
Fluids: Cars have a range of fluids, including engine oil, antifreeze/coolant, brake fluid, washer fluid, and much more. All of these fluids need to be checked for cleanness and level, which is usually done when you take your car in for routine maintenance.
Front-wheel drive (FWD): A drivetrain where power is directed to the front wheels of the vehicle. Unlike rear-wheel drive systems, front-wheel drive is often found in passenger cars, like minivans, sedans, and crossovers. Rear-wheel drive is usually reserved for sports cars and two-wheel drive trucks.
Fuel cell vehicle: An emerging type of vehicle that uses fuel cells to create electricity which powers the vehicle. The fuel cell system uses hydrogen as fuel and emits water as its sole emission.
Fuel injection system: A device that forcibly pumps fuel into the engine under high pressure.
Gross vehicle weight rating: GVWR. The total of the curb, cargo, and passenger weight capacities.
Heads-up display: a digital display that’s projected from the dashboard onto the windshield. The display puts important vehicle information directly in front of the driver.
Radiator: The system that heats and cools the vehicle using coolant and fans to keep the engine from overheating.
Rough idle: When the engine vibrates or makes the car shake when in park with the driver’s foot off the gas.
Tire balancing: Tires that aren’t properly balanced can cause vibrations, uneven tread wear, and reduced traction. Balancing adds a small amount of weight to a tire to eliminate these problems.
Tire rotation: Rotating your tires means switching their positions on the vehicle to ensure even wear on the tread.
Tire pressure: Tire pressure is supposed to be at a certain psi depending on your vehicle. Check your owner’s manual to be sure of your ideal pressure.
Tread: The pattern on the face of your tire that helps increase traction to the road.
*Buick/GMC rebates and dealer discounts included in sale price, if discount is shown, see dealer for details.
*Price does not include taxes, license and title fees, or documentation fees. EPA estimates only. Please call for more information.
Gateway Buick GMC, Inc 820 James S. McDonnell Boulevard, Hazelwood, MO, 63042